Ginga is written entirely in Python, and only uses supporting Python packages. There is nothing to compile (unless you need to compile one of the supporting packages).
In recent Linux, Mac, and Windows versions, all of the packages are available in binary (installable) form. It should not be necessary to compile anything, but as always, your mileage may vary.
python (v. 3.5 or higher)
numpy (v. 1.13 or higher)
Highly recommended, because some features will not be available without it:
opencv-python (also distributed as opencv or python-opencv, depending on where you get it from)
For opening FITS files you will need one of the following packages:
For WCS resolution you will need one of the following packages:
BACKENDS (one or more)¶
Ginga can draw its output to a number of different back ends. Depending on which GUI toolkit you prefer (and what you want to do), you will need at least one of the following:
Certain plugins in the reference viewer (or features of those plugins) will not work without the following packages:
matplotlib (required by: Pick, Cuts, Histogram, LineProfile)
scipy (required by: Pick, some built-in auto cuts algorithms used when you load an image)
To save a movie:
mencoder (command line tool required by: Cuts)
Helpful, but not necessary (may optimize or speed up certain operations):
opencv-python (speeds up rotation, mosaicing and some transformations)
pyopencl (speeds up rotation, mosaicing and some transformations)
numexpr (speeds up rotation a little)
filemagic (aids in identifying files when opening them)
Pillow (useful for various RGB file manipulations)
Notes on Supported Widget Sets¶
In the discussion below, we differentiate between the Ginga viewing
widget, such as used in the
examples/\*/example\*.py programs and the
full reference viewer, which includes many plugins (
For the full reference viewer, Mac and Windows users should probably install the Qt version, unless you are the tinkering sort. Linux can use either Qt or GTK fine.
Ginga can use either PyQt or PySide, version 4 or 5. It will auto-detect
which one is installed, using the
qtpy compatibility package.
There is support for both the basic widget and the full reference viewer.
If you have both installed and you want to use a specific one then set the environment variable QT_API to either “pyqt” or “pyside”. This is the same procedure as for Matplotlib.
Ginga can use either GTK 2 (with PyGTK) or GTK 3 (with
gi). (If you have
an older version of
pycairo package, you may need to install a newer version
Ginga’s Tk support is limited to the viewing widget itself. For overplotting (graphics) support, you will also need:
Ginga can render directly into a Matplotlib figure. Support is limited to the viewing widget itself. Any of the backends that Matplotlib supports is usable. Performance is not as good as to one of the “native” backends listed above, but oh, the overplot options!
HTML5 web browser¶
Ginga can render into an HTML5 canvas via a web server. Support is limited
to the viewing widget itself. See the notes in
Tested browsers include Chromium (Chrome), Firefox, and Safari.
You can download and install via
pip by choosing the command that best
suits your needs (full selection is defined in
setup configuration file
pip install ginga # The most basic installation pip install ginga[recommended,qt5] # Qt5 pip install ginga[recommended,gtk3] # GTK 3
conda install ginga -c conda-forge
The reference viewer can then be run using the command
Installation from Source¶
Clone from Github:
git clone https://github.com/ejeschke/ginga.git
Or see links on this page to get a ZIP file or tarball.
Unpack, go into the top level directory, and run:
python setup.py install
Platform Specific Instructions¶
If you are on a relatively recent version of Debian or Ubuntu, something like the following will work:
apt install python3-ginga
If you are using another distribution of Linux, we recommend to install via Anaconda or Miniconda as described below.
For Mac/Windows or other Linux users, we recommend installing the Anaconda distribution (or Miniconda). This distribution already includes all of the necessary packages to run Ginga.
After installing Anaconda, open the Anaconda Prompt and follow instructions
under Basic Installation via